What items does gymnastics include?
Men's competitive gymnastics includes six events: floor exercise, pommel horse, rings, vault, parallel bars and horizontal bars.
Floor Exercise: The length and width of the field are 12 meters. Floor exercises are mainly composed of skill movements. They are combined with other gymnastic movements such as strength and balance, soft movements, doctrines and dances to form a harmonious rhythmic and rhythmic whole. A set of actions should make full use of the entire field (12 meters x 12 meters) and be completed in 50 to 70 seconds. Floor exercise has strict requirements on skill strings and static movements. It requires forward skill strings and backward skill strings. The static movement requires a certain degree of difficulty. Men's floor exercise has no soundtrack during the game.
Pommel horse: 1.05 meters high, 12 cm high. The pommel horse is the basic characteristic of a set of actions on the pommel horse project. When doing full spin, do full leg spin. Movements with or without turning by handstand are allowed. The movements of different structural groups must be completed in full swing without stopping. Powerful movements are not allowed in this project.
Lifting ring: 2.55 meters high. A set of ring movements should be composed of approximately equal proportions of swing and force still movements. These movements and connections are completed by hanging, passing or supporting, passing or handstand, and the main action is straight arms. The transition from swing force to rest force or from rest force to swing is a distinguishing feature of contemporary gymnastics. When doing the rest action, the ring is required to be stationary and there must be no large swing. The hoist ring requires a handstand with a certain degree of difficulty to perform forward swing and a handstand to complete the backward swing, and also requires a static motion with a difficult force.
Vault: 1.35 meters high. The vault is started by run-up. The long jump is completed by legs close together. The longest run-up distance of the vault is 25 meters. The run-up is allowed to be interrupted, but not allowed to return to run again.
Parallel bars: 1.75 meters high. The parallel bars are composed of swing and flight actions selected from a number of structural groups, and are completed through various support and overhang actions. When doing the method on the parallel bars project, it is required to start from the side-by-side standing posture without advance movements. A set of movements can allow up to three pauses or static movements. Other pauses greater than or equal to 1 second will not be allowed.
Horizontal bar: 2.55 meters high. The entire set of horizontal bar movements is composed of swing movements, which can be completed without interruption in various gripping methods. It includes large loops, near bar movements, rotations around the longitudinal axis of the body, and flying movements. Allows one-arm swing motion with two sags across the bar. The horizontal bar requires special requirements, such as a certain difficulty flying.
Women's competitive gymnastics includes four events: vaulting, uneven bars, balance beam and floor exercise.
Vaulting: Horses are 160-163 cm long and 35-36 cm wide. Ma Gao is different according to different age groups, the adult group is 125 cm, the children group is 100 cm. Horse legs are iron and can be raised and lowered. The equipment that is placed in front of the vault to help take off is called the bow springboard. It is also an indispensable equipment for the vault. The board is 20-30 cm high and is made of plywood with a certain degree of flexibility. All vaulting moves must be supported with both hands. The length of run-ups is personally arranged. The vaulting movement can be divided into several groups according to the different types of flying in the air. The number raised by the coach before the vaulting represents different movements.
Uneven bars: It is a unique item for women's gymnastics. It consists of one high and one low pair of bars. The distance between the bars can be adjusted. The low bars are 130 to 160 cm high and the high bars are 190 to 240 cm high. The horizontal bar is oval in shape, with a long diameter of 5 cm and a short diameter of 4 cm. It is made of FRP and wooden bars, which has good elasticity and sturdiness. The rules have specific requirements for the combination of different levels of difficulty for the set of moves, the number of transitions between the low bars and the high bars, and the difficulty of emptying and turning.
Balance beam: 5 meters long, 0.1 meters wide, the height of the wood can be raised and lowered as required. The official competition height is 1.2 meters. There is a time limit for the balance beam, and there are strict regulations on the difficulty of the set of movements and aerial skill strings.
Floor Exercise: It is a project shared by men and women. It covers an area of 12 × 12 square meters. There are many sponge blocks under the carpet. Therefore, the floor exercise floor is different from the general floor. Difficult gymnastic jumps and trick flips. Floor exercise is performed by somersault and skill under unaccompanied music. Floor exercise has strict field and time restrictions, and requires athletes to complete the movement within 70 to 90 seconds. There are also strict restrictions on the difficulty of athlete skill strings and the connections between them.
Women's gymnastics include: vaulting, uneven bars, balance beam, floor exercise.
The vaulting horse is 1.6 meters long, 0.35 meters wide, and 1.25 meters high.
All vaulting moves must be supported with both hands. The length of run-ups is personally arranged.
The vaulting movement can be divided into several groups according to the different types of flying in the air. The number raised by the coach before the vaulting represents different movements.
In women's gymnastics, the uneven bars are 2.4 meters high, the uneven bars are 1.6 meters high, and the distance between the two bars is 1.6 meters.
The rules have specific requirements for the combination of different levels of difficulty for the set of moves, the number of transitions between the low bars and the high bars, and the difficulty of emptying and turning.
The balance beam is 5 meters long, 0.1 meters wide and 1.2 meters high.
There is a time limit for the balance beam, and there are strict regulations on the difficulty of the set of movements and aerial skill strings.
The floor length and width of the floor are 12 meters.
Floor exercise is performed by somersault and skill under unaccompanied music. Floor exercise has strict venue and time restrictions. It requires athletes to complete movements within 70-90 seconds, and requires athletes to have good performance and music. Coordinate. There are also strict restrictions on the difficulty of athlete skill strings and the connections between them.
Gymnastics, sports, equipment